We the Telugu

We the Telugu (7)

Friday, 28 February 2014 11:14

Telugu Scientists

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Indian scientists have played a stellar role in the development of India. In the short span of its post-independence history India has achieved several great scientific achievements. Our scientists have proved their mettle in the face of international sanctions and have made India one of the scientific powerhouses of the world. Here is a brief profile of famous Telugu scientists.

Yellapragada Subba Rao, Dr. Raj Reddy, Suri Bhagavantam, Yelavarthy Nayudamma, G.K.Podila, Dr D. Bap Reddy, Dr N N Murthy, Kallam Anji Reddy, Mahidhara Nalini Mohan Rao.

Friday, 28 February 2014 11:13

Telugu Freedom Fighters

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India has a rich past. Right from the ancient times till Independence, India fought against foreign invasions with great courage and valor. Below are the greatest Telugu freedom fighters.

Uyyalawada Narasimha Reddy, Alluri Sitaramaraju, Arutla Ramachandra Reddy, Potu Narasimha Reddy, Vedre Ramachandra Reddy Bhoodhan, Potti Sreeramulu, Anabheri Prabhakara rao, Veerapandiya Kattabrahman, Kaneganti Hanumanthu, Sarojini Naidu, Tanguturi Prakasam, Pingali Venkayya, Prof N.G. Ranga, Gouthu Latchanna, Durgabai Deskmukh, Kandukuri Veeresalingam, Kaloji Narayana Rao. 

Friday, 28 February 2014 11:13

Telugu Literature

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Telugu literature or Telugu Sahityam is the body of works written in the Telugu language. It consists of poems, stories, dramas and puranas. Telugu literature has a rich and long literary tradition.

Nannaya, Tikanna and Yerrapragada (or Errana) are known as the Kavi Trayam, the trinity of poets or the three great poets. This Trinity translated the Mahabharata from Sanskrit into Telugu over the period of 11-14th century AD, and became the idols for all following poets.Nannaya, Tikanna and Yerrapragada (or Errana) are known as the Kavi Trayam, the trinity of poets or the three great poets. This Trinity translated the Mahabharata from Sanskrit into Telugu over the period of 11-14th century AD, and became the idols for all following poets.

Nannaya: Nannayabhatta (1022–1063AD – also referred to as Nannaya), started to translate the Sanskrit Mahabharata into Telugu on the request of the East Chalukya king Rajaraja Narendra. This marks the beginning of Telugu literature, which has yet been uncovered. This work has been interpreted in the Champu style and emotes such simplicity and polishing and of such high literary excellence, that several scholars do not dismiss the possibility of the existence of literary works in Telugu during the pre-Nannaya period. Although there is evidence of Telugu literature before Nannaya, he is given the epithet Aadi Kavi (“the first poet”) because he was the first to establish a formal grammar of written Telugu

Tikkana: Tikkana (1205–1288 AD) furthered the work from Nannaya. He was the second poet of the “Trinity of Poets (Kavi Trayam)” that translated Mahabharatamu into Telugu over a period of centuries (11th to 14th centuries AD). Nannaya translated two and a half parvamulu (books) of Mahabharatamu. Tikkana translated the remaining books starting from the 4th, leaving the half finished third book, Aranya Parvamu (the Book of Forest), for Yerrapragada. Tikkana did not touch this part because it was considered to be inauspicious to translate this book, which was left half-finished by Nannaya.

Yerrana: Yerrapragada (also known as Errana) started the remaining half of the Aranya Parvamu with the style of Nannaya and ended it with the style of Tikkana as a bridge between the parts translated by Nannaya and Tikkana. As they did, he used half Sanskrit and half Telugu in his Telugu translation of Sanskrit Mahabharatamu. He was honored with the title Prabandha Parameshwara (the supreme lord of Prabandha).


Gonabudda Reddy (13th century): Gonabudda Reddy is known for his Ranganatha Ramayanam which is a pioneering work on the theme of Ramayana in Telugu. The whole work comprises seven khandas (parts). The work has become a part of the Andhra cultural life and is also used by puppeteers for their shows

Srinathudu (14th century): A poet of immense calabre Srinathudu lived in the 14th century. His poetic works include Marutarat-charitra (Tale of King Marutta),Saalivahana Sapta Sati (100 tales of Saalivahana), Palanaati Veera Charitra (Tale of Heroes of Palnatu), Kasi Khandam (Legends of Kasi), Bheema Khandam and Hara Vilasam (The Glory of Lord Shiva) which is considered to be an outstanding piece of literature.

Bammera Potana (15th century): Potana, who lived in the later part of the 15th century is believed to be the author of Narayana Satakamu (The Hundred Verses of Narayana), Veerabhadra Vijayamu (Tale of Victoroius Veerabhadra), Bhogini Dandakamu (The Poem of Bhogini) and also the great classic Andhra Mahabhagavathamu (The Mahabhagvatam of Andhra). It is a Telugu rendering of the Srimad Bhagvatam of Ved Vyasa. This book of Potana is known for its excellent narrative style and the art of versification.

Sri Krishnadevaraya (16th century): A renowned emperor of the famous Vijaynagar kingdom, Sri Krishnadevaraya is also known for his great epic Amukta Malyada (A Garland Dedicated to the Lord). The whole work of Amukta Malyada has a grand poetic style and the work blends the eternal and the temporal in a masterly fashion even as it unfolds an interesting tale.

Pingaliu Soorana (16th century): Soorana was a pioneering figure in the field of Telugu classical poetry of the medieaval age. He has to his credit mainly three works Raghavapandaviyam a dyvarthi-kavya, Kalapurnodayam (Full Blooming of Art) and Prabhavati Pradyumnam. Kalapurnodayam has been hailed as the first original poetic novel in Telugu literature.

 Paravastu Chinnayya Soori (1807-1861) Who does not know Sri Chinnayasoori among us? He was one of the most famous pandits of the 19th century. He was born in 1807 in Perambur of Chengalpattu distt. and died in 1861. He was a Saivaite. Sri Cninnayasoori was a Telugu pandit in the Govt. college of Madras. He dedicated his entire life to the progress and promotion of Telugu language and literature.

Gurajada Venkata Appa Rao (1862-1915): Hailed as the father of Modern Telugu literature, G.V.Appa Rao blazed a new ttail in play-writing as also in poetry and short story Kanyasulkam (Bride-Price) is one of his outstanding plays 

Friday, 28 February 2014 15:29

Telugu Language & Heritage

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With nearly 73 million Telugu speakers in Andhra Pradesh, India, Telugu is the most widely spoken Dravidian language and the second-most spoken language in India. Its rich literary heritage includes famous writers such as Kandukuri Viresalingam Pantulu and Guarajada Apparao.

Telugu is part of the Dravidian language family (belonging to Central Dravidian branch), spoken primarily in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the second largest Indian language after Hindi with over 75 million native speakers, including those in areas of the neighboring states of Orissa, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. It is also widely spoken in countries of the Indian diaspora including Bahrain, Fiji, Malaysia, Singapore, UAE and the United States.

It is considered a very expressive and evocative language, but with a simple grammar. Telugu was used for the composition of lyrics of Tyagaraja in Carnatic music (one of the two major schools of traditional music of India), because of its musical vowel sounds at the ends of words. For this reason, Telugu was known as “Italian of the East” to 19th century Europeans.  

Beyond their music, Telugu-speaking peoples have a rich cultural heritage of dance, literature, folk arts, cuisine, handicrafts and handlooms. There are different local and regional spoken dialect variations within Andhra Pradesh itself, as well as a distinct high-literary style of Telugu language, which has been used for a vast corpus of poetry, secular and religious epics, novels, and literature in all genres for nearly a thousand years. 

Source: berkeley.edu

 

Friday, 28 February 2014 12:11

Telugu people

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HISTORY - Telugu people
Antiquity

The Sanskrit epics mention the Andhra Kingdom at the time of the death of the great Mauryan King Ashoka in 232 BC. This date has been considered to be the beginning of the Andhra historical record. Various dynasties have ruled the area, including the Satavahanas, Sakas, Ikshvakus, Eastern Chalukyas, The Bobbili (Velama), the Vijayanagara Kingdom, the Qutb Shahis of Golconda, and the Nizams (princes) of Hyderābād.

The term Kalinga has been historically relevant to this region, incorporating north-east Andhra Pradesh and modern day Odisha. Andhras and Kalingas supported the Kauravas during the Mahabharata war. Sahadeva defeated the kingdoms of Pandya, Dravida, Odra, Chera, Andhra Pradesh, and Kalinga while performing the Rajasuya yajna. Chanoora was killed by Krishna in Mathura. Hari Vamsa Purana corroborates the fact that Chanoora was the king of Karoosa Desa (to the North of the Vindhyas and on the North Bank of the Yamuna river) and was an Andhra. Buddhist references to Andhras are also found.

Satavahanas (శాతవాహనులు)

The first great Andhra empire was that of the Satavahanas, who came to power when the last Kanva emperor Sisuman, was assassinated by his prime minister Sipraca, of the Andhra tribe. They reigned for 450 years and the last was Puliman or Puloma the pious, who after conquering India put an end to his life by drowning himself in the holy waters of the Ganges river, after the example of his grandfather. Because of this king, India was called Poulomeun-koue, the country of Puliman by the Chinese. While in the west the inhabitants of the Gangetic provinces were denominated Andhra Hindus. The Satavahana rulers are said to have been held in the highest veneration all over India; and their fame was extended to the Malay Archipelago, the Maharajas of India being a favorite subject of Malayan poetry.

Andhra, Karnataka and Maharastra states observe the same new year day. This calendar reckons dates based on the Shalivahana era (Shalivahana Saka), which begins its count from the supposed date of the founding of the Empire by the legendary hero Shalivahana. The Satavahana king Shalivahana (also identified as Gautamiputra Satakarni) is credited with the initiation of this era known as Shalivahana. The Salivahana era begins its count of years from the year corresponding to 78 AD of the Gregorian calendar. Thus, the year 2000 AD corresponds to the year 1922 of the Salivahana Era.

Language

Telugu is a South-Central Dravidian language primarily spoken in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India, where it is an official language. Early inscriptions date from 620 AD and literary texts from the 11th century, written in a Telugu script adapted from the Bhattiprolu script of the early inscriptions.

Arts

Kuchipudi is a famous Classical Indian dance from Andhra Pradesh, India.

Vilasini Natyam

Andhra Natyam

Clothing

  • Male

                1.Uttareeyam or Pai Pancha (Angavastram or veil)

                2.Pancha (Dhoti)

                3.Jubba (Kurta) The top portion

                4.Lungi (Casual or Worker dress)

  • Women

                1.Cheera (Sari)

  • Girls

                1.Langa Oni (Half sari)

                2.Parikini

Festivals

Important festivals celebrated by Telugu people include:

Makara Sankranti in January. (The exact date may vary as per the Hindu calendar.)

Maha Shivaratri in February/March. (The exact date may vary as per the Hindu calendar.)

Ugadi or the Telugu New Year in March/April. (The exact date may vary as per the Hindu calendar.)

Sri Rama Navami celebrated in March/April 9 days after Ugadi. (The exact date may vary as per the Hindu calendar.)

Varalakshmi Vratam in August. (The exact date may vary as per Hindu calendar.)

Vinayaka Chaviti in August. (The exact date may vary as per the Hindu calendar.)

Dasara in September/October. (The exact date may vary as per the Hindu calendar.)

Atla Tadde 3rd day in bright half of Ashviyuja month (falls in September/October in Gregorian calendar). However, the exact date may vary according to the Hindu calendar.

Deepavali in October/November. (The exact date may vary as per the Hindu calendar.)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Friday, 28 February 2014 12:01

Telugu literature & Poetry

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Telugu language literature is 3500 years old. Though ambiguity exists in this regard, it might be even older than or even contemporary to the professed South Indian ancient languages. Archaeological work regarding its antiquity has been restrained because of poor funding to such authorities. Though there abooks like Gadha Sapta Shati dated back to 100 A.D. Poetry from the language covers spiritual, mythological and secular writings.

Earliest available poetry was found on the Epigraphs and Victory Inscriptions. Lack of Available Ancient literature despite language being quite old is attributed to, Little support language received from the pre 1000 A.D. rulers. During the period of Patronage of Eastern Chalukya rulers in 1000 A.D language attained its present script, rich vocabulary and grammar rules. This standardization led to development in the quantity and quality of Literature of Telugu Language which was predominantly composed of poetry. This phase of development reached its zenith under the rule of Sri Krishna Deva Raya of Vijayanagara Empire.

Modern Telugu poetry has seen English translitrations. Sri Riasat Ali Taj (1930-1999) a prominent personality, poet, author, critic, writer, educationist, linguist& translator from Karimnager has made poetic translations (Manzoom Tarjuma in Urdu Rubaiyaat) published in popular Urdu magazines and news papers in early 1950s.

 

Nannaya, Tikkana & Errana (11th - 14th century): This era saw the beginning of the Translation of Epic Mahabharata into Telugu by three great scholars Nannayya, Tikkana and Errana. These three scholars were reverently called as Kavitrayam (trinity of poets). They completed the great epic in three parts by adopting styles and setting standards and thereby paving way for the future writers. However, despite the best efforts of the scholars of this era Telugu language used in the poetry included various words imported from Sanskrit and was thus out of reach of the common man.

 

Pre Prabandha era

 

This includes various poets like Nanne Choda and Somanadha who concentrated on using more native words and styles like Dwipada to reach common man. Srinadha famous for his famous work Sringara Naishadam, Kasikhandam and Bhimakhandam. This era also saw most widely quoted Telugu poet Potana and his popular master piece Srimad Bhagavatam. Folk style rendering of poems was also initiated by Annamayya during this period.

 

Prabandha era

 

This era includes writers like Allasani Peddana, Tenali Ramalinga Kavi, Dhurjati. It is considered as the Golden Age for Telugu literature. Telugu Language received patronage of Vijayanagara Empire. Most of the Masterpieces of Telugu Literature like Manu Charitra, Panduranga Mahatyam are written in this era.

 

Post Prabandha period

 

This era includes writers like Pingali Surana who is famous for this Kala Purnodayam and Raghava Pandaveeyam and Bhattumurthy who wrote Prabhavati Pradyumnam and Narasa Bhoopaleeyam.

 

Decline period

 

This era indicates degeneration of Literature standards. Poets struggled for patronage and concentrated on styles like chitra kavitvam and composing of erotic literature to please their patrons. Some patrons tried to preserve the traditions but on the whole it was a Dark age. However at the end of this period some light was seen at the end of tunnel in the form of Tirupati Venkata Kavulu, who started a new style of poetry Avadhanam and wrote Krishna Rayabaram and Devi Bhagavatam.

 

Modern period

 

This can be safely to be started with Gurajada Apparao, who changed the face of Telugu poetry with his revolutionary Muthayala Saralu only to be perfected by later writers in the Romanticism era Notably Rayaprolu and Devulapalli Krishna Sastri. Gurajada's attempt to reform Telugu poetry by shedding old rules and styles reached a zenith with Sri Sri. SriSri's famous work "Maha Prastanam" is an instant hit with every corners of society. Many writers followed his style and continue to enrich the literature.

 

Paryavaran Kavitodyamam

 

Paryavaran Kavitodyamam started as movement in the year 2008. The main aim of this movement is to bring awareness and concern among not only elite class but also masses about Environment through creative forms of literature. This is started by Jagruthi Kiran Foundation under the leadership of Narayanam Narasimha Murthy popularly known as "Vidyavachaspati" Prof Dr N N Murthy. This movement is going on with literary activities Harita Kavita, Harita Kata and many other activities. Lot of literature has been produced by various poets, writers on Environment. Magazines like Malle Teega, Kadhakeli are associated with Jagruthi Kiran Foundation in this movement. More than 500 poets, writers are involved in this movement.

 

Other forms

 

While the main stream poetry based on Rhythm, Meter is growing up Telugu literature also saw a rise in the folk-poetry. Most famous were Satakam, Dwipada and Padalu. These were mainly used by Bhakti Reformers to reach the common man and spread their ideas. Some notable writers are Annamayya, Vemana, Ramadasu and Somanadha. Tyagaraja's Kritis and Muvva gopala Padalu cannot be missed in this list. Tyagaraja Kriti's are considered most important compositions in Carnatic Music.

 

Some famous satakams are listed below.

 

 

 

 

Vemana Satakam
Sumathi Satakam
Sri Kalahastiswara Satakam
Dasarathi Satakam
Bhaskara Satakam
Kumara Satakam
Narasimha Satakam
Sarveswara Satakam
Kumara Satakam
Kumari Satakam
Andhra Nayaka Satakam
Sri Kishna Satakam
Bharthruhari Neethi Satakam
Bharthruhari Vyragya Satakam
Bharthruhari Srungara Satakam
Daksharama Bhimeswara Sathakam


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

Friday, 28 February 2014 11:18

What do we do at TAGKC

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Telugu Association of Greater Kansas City (TAGKC) is registered under Sec. 501 c (3) established in mid 90’s. Telugu, which is Central Dravidian language, is the third largest spoken language in India and 13th most spoken language in the world. It is said to be one of the sweetest languages of the world and it is also called the Italian of the East!

Our main purpose is to promote Telugu culture and to preserve, maintain and perpetuate the cultural heritage of the people of Telugu origin. We conduct various events throughout the year and we especially celebrate UGADI (Telugu New Year) and DEEPAVALI (Festival of Lights) every year with a cultural programme to keep our culture alive. Our motto is to inculcate strong cultural and moral values in the younger generations through community activities.

We provide help to people who need information on various opportunities in and around Kansas City. We extend our helping hand to guide students and members in educational, social and cultural aspects.

Through the efforts of many hard working groups of people, the organization has grown through the years. The continued growth of TAGKC community depends on you! Come join our community and share the pride of our rich culture by supporting our activities thereby helping our Telugu community progress into the future. 

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